High-yield securities ("junk bonds") are generally considered speculative because they present a greater risk of loss than higher-quality debt securities and may be subject to greater price volatility. Foreign securities may be subject to greater risks than U.S. investments, including currency fluctuations, less liquid trading markets, greater price volatility, political and economic instability, less publicly available information, and changes in tax or currency laws or monetary policy. These risks are likely to be greater for emerging markets.
If a security sold short increases in price, the Fund may have to cover its short position at a higher price than the short sale price, resulting in a loss. Because the Fund's loss on a short sale arises from increases in the value of the security sold short, such loss is theoretically unlimited.When borrowing a security for delivery to a buyer, the Fund also may be required to pay a premium and other transaction costs, which would increase the cost of the security sold short. By investing the proceeds received from selling securities short, the Fund is employing a form of leverage. The use of leverage may increase the Fund's exposure to long equity positions and make any change in the Fund's NAV greater than it would be without the use of leverage. This could result in increased volatility of returns.
Issuers of convertible securities may not be as financially strong as those issuing securities with higher credit ratings and are more vulnerable to economic changes. The Fund may invest in derivatives, which may increase the volatility of the Fund's net asset value. The principal risk of mortgage dollar rolls is that the security the Fund receives at the end of the transaction may be worth less than the security the Fund sold to the same counterparty at the beginning of the transaction. The principal risk of mortgage-related and asset-backed securities is that underlying debt may be prepaid ahead of schedule, if interest rates fall, thereby reducing the value of the Fund's investment. If interest rates rise, less of the debt may be prepaid and the Fund may lose money. Funds that invest in bonds are subject to interest-rate risk and can lose principal value when interest rates rise. Bonds are also subject to credit risk, in which the bond issuer may fail to pay interest and principal in a timely manner.
The opinions are those of the Global Fixed Income team of MacKay Shields LLC but not necessarily those of MacKay Shields LLC. The opinions expressed herein are subject to change without notice. This material is distributed for informational purposes only. Forecasts, estimates, and certain information contained herein are based upon proprietary research and should not be considered as investment advice or a recommendation of any particular security, strategy, or investment product. Information contained herein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but not guaranteed. No part of this may be reproduced in any form, or referred to in any other publication, without express written permission of MacKay Shields LLC. Â©2013, MacKay Shields LLC.
MacKay Shields LLC is a federally registered investment advisor and an affiliate of New York Life Investment Management LLC.