The opinions expressed are those of the portfolio managers as of the date of this report and are subject to change. This is no guarantee that any forecast made will come to pass. This material does not constitute investment advice and is not intended as an endorsement of any specific investment. Past performance is no guarantee of future results which will vary. These products are not federally insured or guaranteed by the U.S. government, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or similar agency.
High-yield securities ("junk bonds") are generally considered speculative because they present a greater risk of loss than higher-quality debt securities and may be subject to greater price volatility. Foreign securities may be subject to greater risks than U.S. investments, including currency fluctuations, less liquid trading markets, greater price volatility, political and economic instability, less publicly available information, and changes in tax or currency laws or monetary policy. These risks are likely to be greater for emerging markets. If a security sold short increases in price, the Fund may have to cover its short position at a higher price than the short sale price, resulting in a loss. Because the Fund's loss on a short sale arises from increases in the value of the security sold short, such loss is theoretically unlimited. When borrowing a security for delivery to a buyer, the Fund also may be required to pay a premium and other transaction costs, which would increase the cost of the security sold short. By investing the proceeds received from selling securities short, the Fund is employing a form of leverage. The use of leverage may increase the Fund's exposure to long equity positions and make any change in the Fund's NAV greater than it would be without the use of leverage. This could result in increased volatility of returns. Issuers of convertible securities may not be as financially strong as those issuing securities with higher credit ratings and are more vulnerable to economic changes. The Fund may invest in derivatives, which may increase the volatility of the Fund's net asset value. The principal risk of mortgage dollar rolls is that the security the Fund receives at the end of the transaction may be worth less than the security the Fund sold to the same counterparty at the beginning of the transaction. The principal risk of mortgage-related and asset-backed securities is that underlying debt may be prepaid ahead of schedule, if interest rates fall, thereby reducing the value of the Fund's investment. If interest rates rise, less of the debt may be prepaid and the Fund may lose money. Funds that invest in bonds are subject to interest-rate risk and can lose principal value when interest rates rise. Bonds are also subject to credit risk, in which the bond issuer may fail to pay interest and principal in a timely manner, or that negative perception of the issuer's ability to make such payments may cause the price of that bond to decline.